Things to see and visit in Moscow (Part 2)

Kazan cfthedral
Address: Nikolskaya ulitsa,3. Metro: “Teatralnaya” metro station.
The Kazan Cathedral is the most beautiful temple. It is located near the Red Square. It was built at around 1625 at the behest of Earl Dmitry Pozharsky when the Russian troops destroyed the Polish army. The cathedral was named in honor of the famous miraculous icon - Our Lady of Kazan (Theotokos of Kazan). It is a monument of architecture of the XVII century, also it has its own special characteristics. The reason - it is unusual design. It has a large number of external decorative elements - keeled and semicircular corbel arches, which is incredibly popular in Russian church architecture.
After the final construction, the temple was restored many times. In 1936 it was completely destroyed by the government’s decision. However, in the early 1990s, it was decided to rebuild the cathedral. Now we can see the restored cathedral in a form close to its historical period. The temple works every day. 

Kamergerskiy pereulok
Metro: “Okhotny Ryad / Teatralnaya” metro station.
Kamergerskiy pereulok is one of the busiest lanes of Moscow. It connects two streets - Bolshaya Dmitrovka and Tverskaya. This lane is for pedestrians only. Every day it is walked by thousands of citizens and tourists. Kamergerskiy pereulok has its own special atmosphere of holiday and happiness. Here you will find numerous cafés, restaurants, and bars. There is an interesting fact: during the different time periods the lane had a completely different names, and since the end of the XIX century it was called Chamberlain - in honor of the fact that the buildings located on it courtiers were belonged to rich people who had a lot of maids of chamberlain rank. Each building on this street is a monument of architecture and has its own history.

The bell tower of Ivan the Great
Address: Sobornaya Square.
In the most central part of the Moscow Kremlin there is a famous bell tower - The bell tower of Ivan the Great (in honor of Tsar Ivan III). It was built in 1329. Its main building is the church of St. John of the Ladder. This building is a vivid example of Italian architecture’s influence. This is indicated by freestanding bell towers. The creator of the bell tower is the famous Italian architect - Bon Fryazin. There are some amazing buildings all around the bell tower. They also were built by the most famous architects of that time.  Many churches in Russia were built similar to this temple.
Can you imagine that up to the beginning of XVIII century the bell tower was the tallest building in the city? Its height (81 meters) allowed it to be the main Kremlin's patrol area. In total, it has 34 bells, the main are - Reut (its weighs is almost 33 tons), the largest one - Uspenskiy, Medved (the earliest bell), Golodar, Lebed’ and others.

Kolomenskoye
Address: prospekt Andropova, 39. Metro: “Kolomenskaya” metro station.
Kolomenskoye is the beautiest residence of the Russian tsars during the XVI-XIX centuries. It is a cultural-historical monument of world importance. On the estate there are many famous attractions: the magnificent palace of Alexei Mikhailovich, the church - the Lord's Ascension, St. George’s Church, The Our Lady of Kazan Church, Sadoviye Gates, a small house of Peter I, Sitniy Yard, Palace Pavilion, Fryazhskiy cellar, numerous towers, chambers and much more. Most of the area is covered by forests, meadows and parks.
The history of Kolomenskoye begins in 1528, when Vasily III decided to build a Church of the Ascension. During the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich the estate’s area was developed significantly. Later, Kolomnskoye became becomes his favorite vacation spot. At time when the capital of Russia was St. Petersburg the residence came to complete desolation. Catherine II ordered to destroy the wooden palace and to build a new one - four-storey building. After that the renovated palace was destroyed once again. The new renovation of the estate began only in the end of the 90-ies of the XX century and it ended in 2010. Now here you can visit the museum "Kolomenskoye".

The Red Square (Krasnaya Ploshchad)
Metro: “Okhotny Ryad / Ploshchad' Revolyutsii / Theatral’naya” metro station.
The Red Square is our national symbol. This place has a rich historical past. This is the place where the most significant events of Russia happened, are happening and will happen. Only Russian armed forces parade is total worth seeing!
The original (in the XVI century) name of The Red Square was Troickaya in honor of the Holy Trinity Church (it was located right on the place where nowadays located the Pokrovsky Cathedral). Then because of the constant fires it was recalled as "Fire". And since the middle of the XVII century it began to be called "Red", which means "beautiful" in ancient Russian. 
The wood square was turned into a stone one only in the beginning of the XIX century.
Lots of the greatest monuments of culture, architecture and history are located in the Red Square:
- The Moscow Kremlin with its main tower - Spasskaya Tower;
- St. Basil's Cathedral;
- Monument to Minin and Pozharsky;
- Lenin's Mausoleum, the Tsar Cannon and the Tsar Bell;
- The Kazan Cathedral;
- Iverskaya chapel;
- Lobnoye Mesto;
- The Historical Museum;
- The memorial cemetery at the Kremlin walls;
- The country's chief department store (GUM).

The Red Square is a UNESCO heritage site. The square’s width is 75 meters; the length is 330 meters. Total area is almost 25 thousand square meters. 
Attention! You cannot ride bicycles and skate there. It is forbidden. You can take photos only with cameras which lens diameter is no more than 70 millimeters in height and its body is no more than 140 millimeters.

Krutitskoye Podvor’ye 
Address: ulitsa Krutitskaya, 17/4. Metro: “Proletarskaya” metro station.
Originally Krutitskoye Podvor’ye was a monastery "Krutitsy" (from the word "krut’" - the height of the Moscow River’s banks). It was built in the XIII century. Than it was decided to turn the monastery into a Patriarsheye podvor’ye (farmstead). The Cathedral is built in the traditional Moscow style. It consists of an “upper” church and “lower” church. The Cathedral belongs to the architectural monuments of the XVII century. Since the 1990s, the courtyard was the the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II’s residence. Today it houses the RPC department which is working in the area of youth policy. There are lots of interesting buildings on the cathedral’s territory. All of them are of great cultural and historical significance:
- The Cathedral of the Dormition;
- Cathedral of the Assumption (in honor of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary);
- Krutitsy Teremok (with the front gate and Terem over them);
- Metropolichi Chambers;
- Church of the Resurrection (or Cross Chamber);
- Naberezhnye Chamber;
- Wooden Houses (which were built in the XIX century), etc.

Puppet theatre “Gosudarstvennyy akademicheskiy Tsentralnyy teatr kukol im. S.V. Obraztsova”
Address: ul. Sadovaya-Samotechnaya 3. Metro: “Tsvetnoy Bulvar” metro station.
This theatre is one of the biggest puppet theaters in the world. Its creator is the Russian actor and director Sergei Obraztsov. The theater building is a unique one, especially its front part with the doll watch. It became a real gem not only for the theater, but for the whole Moscow. If you stop and look for a while, you will see a really interesting spectacle. Every hour 12 different animals in chain look out from their little watch-houses and sing the Russian song “Vo sadu li, v ogorode” ("In the garden, in the garden"). The theatre’s repertoire is very wide! The main theater’s director is B. A. Konstantinov.

Kuskovo
Address: ul. Yunosti, 2. Metro: “Ryazanskiy prospect” metro station, then take a bus № 133 or №208, or "Vykhino" metro station, then take a bus №620 or №9M
Kuskovo is a magnificent example of palace architecture of the XVIII century. Moreover, Kuskovo is an incredibly beautiful summer residence, which once belonged to the graph Sheremetev. It often held lavish balls, ceremonial meetings and amazing dinners, and numerous performances. The interior and exterior of the estate tells us about the special luxury atmosphere of the place. There are many monuments of culture and history on the estate’s territory. Of course, the main attraction of the entire architectural ensemble is the Sheremetev’s Palace - a typical example of Russian nobility’s art and Russian everyday life of that time. It was built in the classical style. Also the famous parts of Kuskovo are: pavilions - "Greenhouse", "Grotto", "Hermitage", "Italian" and "Dutch" houses, “air” theater, the Church of the Merciful, Karetniy Saray (the carriage house), and so on. In addition, Park Kuskovo is a big world with gardens, lawns, ponds and canals.
The museum was opened here in 1919. Nowadays you still can visit it.

Literary Museum
Address: Trubnikovskiy per., 17/1. Metro: “Arbatskaya” metro station.
Moscow’s Literary Museum is one of the biggest museums, which tells us about the history of Russian literature. It was built in 1934 on the initiative of the famous statesman, writer D. B. Bonch-Bruevich, who was the closest Lenin’s assistant. The museum has a large collection of unique materials - books, archival documents, biographical information, the manuscripts of famous works. All these things are of great importance to the history of Russian and foreign literature. Within its walls there are funds dedicated to the national classical literature. Some branches of the museum are the house-museums of the great Russian writers and poets: M. Lermontov’s, Tolstoy’s, Chekhov’s, K. Chukovsky’s, Fyodor Dostoevsky’s, Bryusov’s ones and many others.

Lobnoye Mesto
Address: Red Square. Metro: “Ploshchad' Revolyutsii/ Okhotny Ryad” metro station.
Lobnoye Mesto is the famous monument of ancient architecture, which performs as a very interesting building which is surrounded by a fence of stone elevations. There are several versions of the name’s origin: the most common version is the story about the executions which were here (it’s like chopped "foreheads" – the place of execution). It is most likely that there was a place of execution right there in 1521 and it actually served as a platform for public executions in the XIV-XIX centuries. Moreover, it is known that it was here in 1549 where Tsar Ivan the Terrible had a speech in front of a huge auditory. Despite the numerous executions, it was a holy place.

Lenin's Mausoleum
Address: Red Square. Metro: “Ploshchad' Revolyutsii” metro station.
Lenin's Mausoleum is the place which is located near the Kremlin’s walls, Vladimir Lenin is buried here. The monument was opened in 1924, it was originally wooden one. The author of the project is the architect A. V. Shchusev. He built a tomb building just in a few days. That building was a temporary one, and the second mausoleum was built right on its place. Later, in 1930, there was built the third mausoleum which we can see nowadays.  The mausoleum now is reinforced concreted, it is faced with granite and marble.
The mausoleum consists of the mourning hall, the lobby and stairs. During World War II leader's body was evacuated to Tyumen, then in 1945 it was returned to Moscow. Also, for seven years (from 1953 to 1961) there also was the body of another Soviet leader – I. V. Stalin. In 1974, the tomb was given the status of the history monument. The Red Square and the Lenin’s Mausoleum are protected by UNESCO.

Maly Theatre
Address: main stage - Teatralnyy pr-d, 1 (“Teatralnaya” metro station), on Ordinka - ul. Bolshaya Ordynka, 69 (“Dobrininskaya” metro station), on Tsvetnoy Bulvar - Tsvetnoy b-r, 3.
Maly Theatre ranks among the oldest theaters of Moscow. Moreover, it ranks among the most famous theaters of the country. The theater’s is connected with the Empress Elizabeth, who wanted to open professional theaters in Russia as many as she can. And so it happened – the first theaters were opened at universities, artists were ordinary students. The first troupe of the Maly Theatre was created just in the Moscow University in 1756. The official opening date is 1824. The Overture by A. N. Verstovsky was performed there. Since its opening to the present day, the theater has a rich repertoire of performances, which is based, of course, on the works of the great Russian literature classics - Ostrovsky, Chekhov, Tolstoy and many others. Also, there are many performances based on the works of foreign authors. At the same time, the repertoire is like a revolving one. New performances are played every year (an average 4-5 new performances a year). The names of famous artists are connected with this place - E. Samoilov, I. Ilyinsky, E. Martsevich, A.Fedotov E. Bystritskaya E. Nevzorov and others. The main theatre’s director is artist Yuri Solomin.

Manezhnaya Square 
Address: “Okhotny Ryad” metro station.
Manezhnaya Square is one of the most beautiful Moscow’s squares. At first, there was located the Arena, which was built in 1817 in honor of the 5-year anniversary of Russia's victory in the 1812 war. For several centuries, the square has been densely built up, and then it turned into the one of the busiest places in the city. In the beginning it was called Moisevskaya, and only in 1931 it was named Manegnaya - from the place of an arena that faced its southern facade to the Kremlin Troickiye gate. The square was a place of demonstrations and mass rallies. Today, here you can not only walk ad relax, but also you can do some shopping (the two well-known shopping centers "Okhotny Ryad" and "Moscow" are located there).

Moscow CITY
Address: Presnenskaya nab., 6. Metro: “Delovoy centr/ Vystavochnaya” metro station.
Moscow City is the most modern city landmark. The ultra-modern international business center was built on Presnenskaya nab. (4 km from the center of Moscow). It is considered the most prestigious area of the city. The total area of the complex is about 100 hectares. Moscow City is a huge playground with various business centers, living space, shops, restaurants, beauty salons, entertainment, sports halls and so on. One of the most outstanding buildings is the "Expocentre" ("Экспоцентр"), which hosts national and international conferences, congresses, and seminars. Perhaps the most beautiful building in the complex Moscow-City is the tower "Empire" ("Империя"). Here at a height of 235 meters you will find the best observation deck, where the city is presented with all its glory. By the way, "Empire" tower is the highest skyscraper in whole Europe. Its height is 374 meters (95 floors). There are 30 objects (buildings) in the territory of Moscow City. Each building here is a unique one and definitely worth your attention.

Moscow operetta
Address: ul. Bolshaya Dmitrovka, 6. Metro: “Teatralnaya / Okhotny Ryad” metro station.
Moscow Operetta is the first Russian musical theater. It performs classic musicals and operettas. The history of Moscow Operetta starts in 1922 – when it was the first private theater of operetta. Then, in 1925, it was renamed to the Theatre of Musical Comedy, and then in 1927, it was reopened like the Moscow Operetta Theater. The creator of the theatre was G. Yaron – the well-known Russian actor and librettist. The building, which houses the theater is an architectural monument of the XIX century. The repertoire is very wide. The first performance, was the operetta "Grooms" by Dunayevsky. Certainly, after that performance the theatre become a real famous one.

Moscow Kremlin (Moskovsky Kreml)
Address: Red Square. Metro: “Alexandrovskiy Sad/ Biblioteka imeni Lenina” metro station.
Moskovsky Kreml can be called a Moscow’s business card. Kremlin is the political center of Russia. Kremlin was built in the XIV-XV centuries as the fortress, which was located on a Borovitsky hill – the one highest banks of the Moscow River. Nowadays, it is the official Vladimir Putin’s residence. Kremlin architectural ensemble consists of the 20 most beautiful towers in traditional Russian style of the XVII century, with a round or square cross section, interconnected by stone walls, which thickness is from 3.5 to 6.5 meters, height is from 5 to 20 meters, and the total length is about 2500 meters. The first Kremlin’s tower was Taynitskaya (built in 1485). But, of course, the most famous tower is the Spasskaya Tower.
Kremlin’s area is about 28 hectares. If you look at the Kremlin at bird's-eye view, you will see that it is presented in the form of irregular triangle, with the towers in the corners. Each of its three walls has a view in different places: the eastern - the Red Square, the northern - western - in the direction of the Alexanderovskiy Sad, the southern - the Moscow River. The design was created by the famous Italian architects, Anton and Marco Frezin and others. In the Kremlin’s territory there are lots of famous cathedrals, palace buildings, squares and gardens.

Moscow METRO
Moscow’s subway is one of the most impressive undergrounds in the world. Also, it is the main mean of transportation in the city. Every station is a unique one. Especially interesting ones are - Arbastkaya, Kievskaya, Ploshchad' Revolyutsii, Mayakovskaya, Novoslobodskaya, Komsomolskaya, Belarusskaya, Electrozavodskaya. They are examples of the beauty of art and architecture; they have its own unique style. The first subway line was opened in May 1935 and it was from the station "Sokolniki" to the station "Park Cultury". Moscow’s metro consists of 13 lines (their total length is about 340 kilometers), 200 stations (40 of them are the objects of cultural heritage). Nowadays, it is planned to build more than 75 stations by 2020.
The city’s subway has always been and will be an example of modern technology. There are lots of book about Moscow’s subway (one of them is the most famous "Metro 2033"), people sing songs about it, make movies. There is a museum dedicated to the history of Moscow’s metro on “Sportivnaya” station. 

Moscow’s History Museum (“Muzey Moskvy Muzeynoye Obyedineniye”)
Address: Zubovsky blvr., 2. Metro: “Park Kultury” metro station.
Moscow’s History Museum is one of the oldest museums of the city. It was created in 1896, originally it supposed to be a museum of the national economy. The exposition of the museum is located in 5 rooms, which are different from each other. The Moscow’s History Museum’s collection includes about 1 million items, which are archaeological, documentary materials, the fine arts, etc. At first, the main building of the museum was located in the walls of the Sukharev Tower, then - in the Church of St. John the Divine. Later, the State Duma decided to move it in the pavilion "Proviantskie magaziny", where it is located today.

The museum-panorama "Battle of Borodino"
Address: Kutuzovskiy pr., 38. Metro: “Park Pobedy” or “Kutuzovskaya” metro station.
The museum was opened in 1962. It was one of the first museums dedicated to the battle against Napoleon. The museum exposition is located in three halls; it tells visitors a narration about the events of the Russian-French war. Actually, the museum is located in the place where was the village of Fili, near the "Kutuzov hut" – the place where military leaders discussed their plans. 115-meter canvas is made by the artist F. Ribot, thanks to the sound effects and modern technologies, reflects the realities of the time.

Neskuchny Garden
Address: ul. Krymskiy Val, 9. Metro: “Leninsky Prospekt” metro station.
Neskuchny Garden is a magnificent monument of landscape art of XVIII century. This wonderful garden was opened in 1756 by Procopius Akinfievich Demidov, once the garden belonged to Catherine II. Today it is a well-known place for walking and relaxing. It was included in the territory of the Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure. The big part of garden’s collection consists of plants which were brought here from the botanical garden, located in the city of Solikamsk. While walking, you can admire the beautiful architecture: Demidova’s mansion, palatial mansions, pavilions, arched bridges, grottoes. In addition, the garden has a library, an equestrian school, a place for playing chess. Also, there are tables for table tennis. Moreover, here are a mineralogical museum and even a mini-zoo. By the way, in the garden you can find a lot of squirrels. During the summer the garden hosts music festivals and open-air concerts. The famous TV show "What Where When???" is made here in the pavilion “Ochotnichiy Domik.”

Novodevichy Convent
Address: Novodevichy Proezd, 1. Metro: “Sportivnaya” metro station.
Novodevichy Convent is one of the most beautiful monasteries because of its architecture and design. It is located in a beautiful landscaped grounds - on the Devichye Field, in the Khamovniki district. It is working convent. The date of its construction is 1524. Today the monastery is a museum, where you can get to know not only the history of that place, but also you can know more about old Russian literature, paintings, antique jewels and ornaments. In total there are more than 12 thousand exhibits. Of course, the main museum exhibit is the architectural ensemble of the monastery. There is a picturesque park with a lake where you can also take a walk and have a good time adjacent to the monastery. Novodevichy Convent is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

Novospassky Monastery
Address: Krestyanskaya pl., 10. Metro: “Krestyanskaya Zastava” metro station.
It was founded in 1490 at the reign of Tsar Ivan III. The place of its construction was not chosen by chance. Located on Krutitskiy hill on the southeastern outskirts of Moscow, the monastery performed the defensive function, it protected the city from enemies.
The first monastery’s building was the cathedral Spas Preobrajeniya, which is today is the main building of the whole architectural ensemble. The monastery walls and towers, cell fraternal, church chamber, the bell tower - all these are of great interest. These buildings immerse us in the distant historical past. It is not surprising that the monastery today is one of the most famous sights of the city.
There are burial boyars- Zakharins-Romanovs - the founders of the royal family. The monastery is famous for its male church choir - the best in Russia. There is a Sunday school. It has its own studio theater.

The Armory Chamber
Address: Moscow Kremlin. Metro: “Alexandrovskiy Sad / Biblioteka imeni Lenina” metro station.
The Armory Chamber is the world-famous treasure chest. It was formed by Kremlin treasury (at time of Ivan III). Today it homes more than 4 thousand monuments of applied art: the ancient state regalia, weapons items, precious stones, luxurious fabrics, gold and silverware, collections of old carriages, things that are used in the great celebrations and gala ceremonies and much more. Of course, the main museum exhibit is the famous Monomakh's Cap - a symbol of the Russian autocracy (it crowned Russian Tsars and earls until the Peter I). The Armory Chamber was built in 1851 according to the plan by architect K. A. Ton. The museum nowadays has nine rooms, each of them tells us about its own unique history. You can’t take pictures and videos here. It is strictly forbidden!

Ostankino
Address: ul. Ostankinskaya, 5. Metro: “VDNKh” metro station.
Ostankino is a former Sheremetev’s manor. It story began in 1584, when a very influential man at that days, the noble lord - V. Shchelkalov build a house in the village of the same name. Unfortunately, in the Time of Troubles house was destroyed, and renovated only at the time of the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich. Earl Cherkassky built a new manor.
The architectural ensemble of the estate is beautiful; it was created during the XVIII-XIX centuries. The ensemble includes:
- Ostankino Palace (unique theater building of the XVIII century, there are stage, auditorium, dressing room of that times);
- Church of the Holy Trinity;
- The front yard;
- "Neskuchny Garden".

The museum was opened here in 1918. Currently, the estate is closed. Now it is under reconstruction (until 2020).

Ostankino TV tower
Address: ul. Academika Koroleva, 15/2.Metro: “VDNKh” metro station.
Ostankino Tower is not just the TV tower, it is a historical monument, a symbol of the Soviet progress. Moreover, it is Moscow’s business card. Its height is 540 meters, which allowed it to be one of the tallest buildings of the world for a long time. Today, it ranks among the highest buildings in the world which have a free-standing structure. The TV Tower was built in 1938, the chief designer was N. V. Nikitin. Also lots of the famous Soviet architects and engineers took part in that constructing. The prototype of the tower was the inverted line. There are two viewing platforms on the tower’s rooftop (indoor and outdoor), they are located at an altitude of 337 and 340 meters (it is the height of the 112-storey building). They offer a breathtaking beautiful view of the city. Moreover, there are guided tours. There is a restaurant "Seventh Heaven" at an altitude of 334 meters.

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky
Address: Red Square. Metro: “Okhotny Ryad” metro station.
The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is the famous sculpture, which is located in front of St. Basil's Cathedral. It was built in honor of the people's militia leaders, who beat Poland in 1612. The creator of this monument is the sculptor Ivan Martos. The idea of the monument belonged to the members of the literature lover society, with the support of Emperor Alexander. You can notice that monument’s heroes look like ancient gods. There is a reason. Martos was a big fan of classicism. By the way, that was the first sculptures, which was devoted not to the king, but to the people and the nation. More than a thousand pounds of copper was used to make the monument. The opening ceremony took place in 1818. Firstly, the monument was placed right in the center of the Red Square, but later it was moved to the cathedral.

Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure
Address: Krimsky Val, 9. Metro: “Park Kultury” metro station.
Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure is the most popular park in Moscow. A great place not only for walking and chill, but also for active sports! Here you can rent bicycles, roller skates, scooters. There are football and basketball courts, tennis cord, running club, a skate park. There are even a club of extreme sports. For work out fans there is an outdoor gym. Also in the park, you can visit the observatory, the summer cinema, and the art gallery. The park has a several ponds, where you can ride a catamaran or a boat. In the summer, you can sunbathe and relax at the beach, or take a boat trip over the Moscow River. The park has shopping pavilions, where you can buy drinks, ice cream and sweets. Moreover, if you are hungry you can go to one of the many cafes.

PKiO Kuzminki
Address: Kuz'minskii park, 1/2. Metro: “Kuzminki” metro station.
Kuzminki is one of the most beautiful parks in Moscow. In the XVIII century there was manor house here. Today it is a favorite place of citizens and tourits. The park was opened in 1977. The "Kuzminki" is very comfortable and quiet place, you can admire the beauty of its scenic nature, trees, numerous ponds. Moreover, you can visit the stables, caves, a music pavilion, a greenhouse, and a French park. There will be lots of sports studios, an art space, a concert hall, dance floors and more in the near future.

National Park "Elk Island"
Address: Poperechnyy prosek, 1Г. Metro: “VDNKh” metro station, then take a bus №136, №172; to “Ulitsa Podbelskogo”, then take a tram №12 or №.36 or №29.
"Elk Island" is one of the first national parks in Russia (the opening date is 1983). Now it ranks among the most famous parks of the city. In the XV century, Russian tsars and earls haunted there. The area of "Elk Island" is huge, it is about 12 thousand hectares. The park abounds in pine and birch forests, meadows, swamps and rivers. By the way, the Yauza River starts here. The name of the park is confirmed by the fact that there are lots of moose. Also its territory inhabited by 160 species of birds, 38 species of mammals, 15 species of fish. If you want to see moose, you can visit the Elk Biological Station. In winter you can see wild boars and deer there. There is an excursion around the park every day. Also, if you want you can try horse riding here.

Sokolniki Park
Address: Sokolnicheskiy Val 1/1. Metro: “Sokolniki” metro station.
Sokolniki Park is a landscape art. The park attracts numerous visitors by its nature and hospitality. "Sokolniki" - a real treat for all those who love active sports. Everyone will be satisfied and will choos what they like - a concert, cycling, playing checkers, chess, billiards, mini golf, badminton, dancing, exercises on one of the sports grounds of the park, and much more. As you see the choice is huge! Of course, the park is the perfect place for walking. Here you can just see its beautiful nature - woods, ponds, lawns. Often, it hosts cultural events - exhibitions, festivals, literary evenings, theater performances. In winter, there is an ice rink and ski. So, friends, you won’t be bored here!

Patriarch's Ponds
Address: Bolshoy Patriarshiy per., 7/1. Metro: “Mayakovskaya” metro station.
Patriarch's Ponds is a mystical place. No wonder, Bulgakov begins his novel "Master and Margarita" with that place. The history of the pond began in the XVII century, when the Patriarch Hermogenes (the name of the pounds) chose this area for his new estate. In swamp place Sloboda was built with several ponds for fish farming. After the abolition of the patriarchate, a swamp formed here once again. In the XIX century, all ponds were filled, only one was saved as a decoration. Later, the Square was built around the old swamp. So there was a pond with a park. Today it is a quiet place where you can relax in a calm atmosphere and escape from noisy city’s one. There are a lot of sights near the park – a monument to the famous fabulist Ivan Krylov (he with the company of heroes form his works), a monument to Mikhail Bulgakov, Tarasova mansion (built - 1912). It is known that Tolstoy used to walk here with his daughters.

Petroff Palace
Address: Leningradsky Ave, 40. Metro: “Dinamo” metro station.
Petroff Palace is a masterpiece of the world’s architecture. The palace built in the Russian neo-Gothic style. It is named “Putevoy” (Russian version is “Петровский Путевой Дворец”) because of its location – it is located at the entrance to Moscow from St. Petersburg. The palace served as a resting place after a long journey. It was built in 1780 at the behest of Catherine II to celebrate the victory of Russian troops in the Russian-Turkish war. The author of the project is the architect M. Kazakov. It is remarkable that it had a connection with the coronation ceremonies, as here the future tsars stayed for a night before the coronation. The wonderful Petrovsky park located adjacent to the palace, it was opened in the beginning of the XIX century. In 1998, there were full-scale restoration works, and in 2009 was the grand opening of the renovated palace. Everything in the palace is perfect! Fans of the classics can attend concerts of organ and instrumental music, or to go to the main living room and hear some beautiful songs.

Poklonnaya Hill
Address: Bratev Fonchenko, 10. Metro: “Park Pobedy” metro station.
Poklonnaya Hill rankes among the most visited places in the city. This memorial area was established in memory of the victory in the Great Patriotic War. The Memorial Park was built in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Victory. The museum’s complex includes: the exhibition of military equipment of those years, the Central alley, the museum, and the Triumphal Arch, which was built in 1834 in honor of the victory over Napoleon. Also here you will find: The Victory Monument, the Church of St. George, the memorial mosque and the synagogue, the monument to the heroes of the First World War, and more. The latest building is the chapel in honor of Spanish soldier volunteers who were killed in the War.

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