Moscow is the huge metropolis, economic, scientific, industrial, political and cultural center of the country. This city is one of the ten largest agglomerations of the world; it is a city of international importance.
Moscow’s infrastructure is really interesting one. The old streets and houses are combined with broad avenues, big intersections, giant skyscrapers and business centers.
The historical evidence indicates that the earliest settlements on that area belong to the first millennium BC, when these lands were populated by Slavic people, in particular - vyatichi and krivichi.
The name of the city takes the name from the Moscow river. The foundation of the city is considered to be 1147. There is an evidence in the first Russian chronicles, they tell us that it was 1147 when Yuri Dolgoruky hosted his friends and associates at Moskovia (the current name of Moscow at that time). By 1157 the city area was expanded for several times, at that time it was a perfectly secure wooden fortress.
Then in 1237-1238 the territory of Russia was invaded by numerous Mongol army, who ravaged and destroyed many Russian cities, among which was burned Moscow. However, the city will soon was rebuilt, after that a new stage of its life began.
Russian grounds under the yoke of the Golden Horde suffered greatly. Permission to reign (label) was issued in the Horde, but it was extremely difficult to get it. The head of Moscow Yuri Danilovich managed to reach an agreement with the Golden Horde Khan, so Moscow consolidated its positions and started to actively develop. The Kremlin walls were the most powerful fortress in the whole north-eastern part of Russia. At that time (during the reign of Dmitry Donskoy) Moscow didn’t only fight with other kingdoms, but also tried to refuse to pay to the Horde. For the first time it took a unifying function of protecting Russian lands from the Mongol-Tatar yoke. After Dmitry, his eldest son continued his father's policy. It resulted in the expansion of the Moscow due to joining Vladimir, Kiev, Murom, Nizhny Novgorod principalities and lots of other lands.
After that Moscow has repeatedly attacked by the Tatar-Mongols, but its strength and power helped it to survive. By XIV century it became the political and religious center of the state.
From the XVIII century St. Petersburg and Moscow were the main royal cities alternatively. But still Moscow won. During the Soviet period with finally became the capital of Russia in 1918.
Moscow is the center of world tourism, which attracts millions of travelers and lovers of Russian traditions and customs every year.
When you arrive at this densely populated, beautiful, amazing, vibrant city you can be sure that you would be satisfied and will get maximum enjoyment from this trip since it has all the features to amaze you. Enjoying the beauty of the architecture, learning the history of the city, a walk in a beautiful park, sightseeing, shopping malls, lunch at a great price, dinner in a cozy cafe or luxurious restaurant – Moscow can offer all these things and even more.
The city is divided into 12 administrative districts, each of them has its own areas, there are 125 neighborhoods in total.
The Central District
There are the main sights, attractions, cultural and historical monuments: The Moscow Kremlin, the Tretyakov Gallery, - the Russian State Library (the largest one in the country), Grand Theatre. Here you can find the famous streets - Arbat, Tverskaya, Petrovka, Maroseyka. Moscow’s famous department stores - GUM and TSUM are also located there. There are numerous theaters, museums, government agencies (the State Duma, the Russian government house, the Federation Council, etc.) and many other interesting things. So this part of the city is the most visited by tourists one. Districts: Tverskaya, Arbat, Basmanny, Zamoskvorechye.
The Northern District
Northern district is an industrial center. The famous confectionary "Bolshevik" factory, cosmetics factory "Svoboda", weaving factory named after A. Alexeev and many other enterprises are located in northern district of Moscow.
The Northeastern District
It is one of the largest districts in the city. There are lots of interesting sights such as the park and the television center "Ostankino", Ostankino TV Tower, the RAS Botanical Garden, the park "Losiniy ostrov", the Exhibition Center. Also this part of the city is distinguished by a rich cultural life. You will find numerous theaters and museums there.
The Northwestern District
Its main feature is that the district abounds in the well-known research companies and industry organizations, which specializes in electronics, mechanical engineering, textile industry.
The Eastern District
This district is the largest one. Its size is 15% of the total area of the city. It is ranked among the most ecologically clean areas of Moscow - thanks to many national parks and squares, located at its entire territory. The well-known Cherkizovsky market was located in the eastern district.
The West District
Another district which abounds in industrial companies. Also, there are many research institutes, construction companies and private companies of small and medium-size businesses.
The South District
The most densely populated district of Moscow. Here lives about 1.5 million people. Industrial, scientific centers coexist with great parks, some of whom are natural monuments - for example, Tsaritsyno park, park Zagorje and others.
The Southeastern District
This district is well known for its oil refining production and metallurgy. In addition, the district is famous for its great green areas and unique historical and architectural monuments, which includes a variety of cathedrals, churches, chapels. The example of such a park is the park "Kuzminki".
The Southwestern District
This district is interesting one because of its infrastructure. There are the Moscow Circus, Darwin Museum, a large number of monuments of culture and art. As in other districts, there are also many confectionery companies (Bakery Factory "Cheryomushki"); and industrial companies like the the instrumentation company, the automation factory and others.
The Novomoskovsky District
This district can be called a young one. It appeared in the beginning of July 2012 in order to expand the urban area. On its territory there are 11 settlements, including Vnukovo and Vnukovo airport. The district’s center is the small city Moscowskiy.
The Zelenogradskiy District
The district is located 37 km from the city, outside the Moscow Ring Road. It is the smallest district of Moscow. It has a lot of green space, and its name is connected to this fact. The administrative center of the district is the city of Zelenograd.
The Troitsky District
This district is located 25 kilometers from the Moscow Ring Road. Troitsk was a city in the Moscow region, and now it is the center of that Moscow’s district. It has a well-developed infrastructure and a rich history, which rooted in the distant XVII century.
The city is located on "the seven hills" on both banks of the Moscow River, between the Volga and the Oka, in the heart of the European part of the country. It has a radial structure of the building and maintenance of roads and pavements. Moscow is the most developed city among other Russian cities. A lot of attention is paid to the development of social, engineering and transport infrastructure, which now are at a high level, and they are continue to be improved every year.
The Moscow’s airports are places of many air routes, both domestic flights and international ones.
"Domodedovo" (DME) Moscow International Airport
Address: Moscow region, Domodedovsky District.
Number: +7 (495) 933-66-66.
The airport is located in 45 kilometers south-east of the center of Moscow. It was included in the top of 20 busiest airports in Europe. It serves both domestic and international flights. Every day it has more than 221 flight destinations. 71 companies cooperate with the airport, 31 of them are foreign, 26 Russian and 14 belong to the CIS countries. There are numerous shops, cafes, bars, restaurants on its territory. It offers free mother and child room, VIP-hall, luggage storage, the hotel "Aerotel". The fans of air travel can visit the airport’s Museum.
Transport from the airport
Taxi: you can order a taxi at the arrival hall, at the arrival counters of domestic or international flights. You can pay in cash or by credit card. You also can use the services of taxi drivers standing near the airport, but the price can be expansive.
Buses (to “Domodedovskaya” metro station):
- №308 (the fare – 100 Russian rubles), minibus (the fare - 120 rubles).
Working hours: from 6:00 to 24:00.
- №30 (the fare - 60 Russian rubles), minibus (the fare - 75 Russian rubles).
Working hours: from 7:00 to 22:00.
- №26 (the fare - 64 Russian rubles).
Aeroexpress: Airport-Paveletskaya Station. Non-stop train. Every 30 minutes.
Fare: 420 Russian rubles. Working hours: from 6:00 to 00:00.
Rent-A-Car: the companies Europcar, AVIS, Hertz, Sixt rent a car, RentMotors.
"Sheremetyevo" International Airport (SVO)
Address: Moscow region, Khimki.
Number: +7 (495) 578-65-65, +7 (925) 100-65-65.
This airport is largest airport in Russia and one of the best airports in Europe. It serves mainly international flights. There are more than 300 destinations. Airport consist of five terminals: A, B, C, D, F, through which a 35 year million passengers pass every day. The communication between terminals carried out by free bus service (you can use them if you have a passport and a print ticket). Of course, there are all sorts of lounges, rooms of mother and child, luggage storage and so on. The airport abounds in numerous shops, restaurants, banks, mail services. There are even shower rooms, manicure studios, etc. You will find many hotels adjacent to the airport.
Transport from the airport
Aeroexpress: from E terminal to Belorussky railway station (without stops). Interval - 30 minutes.
Fare: 420 Russian rubles -1 trip.
Working Hours: from 5:00 to 00:30.
- To the " Rechnoy Vokzal" metro station
№851, 851C (express) - Working Hours: from 5:37 to 0:49. Fare: 50 Russian rubles.
№949 (minibus): Working Hours: from 6:45 to 21:45. Fare: 75 Russian rubles.
- To the "Planernaya" metro station
№817 – Working Hours: from 5:22 to 0:08. Fare: 30 Russian rubles.
№948 (minibus) – Working Hours: from 6:45 to 21:45. Fare: 75 Russian rubles.
- To the "Leninsky Prospekt" metro station
№H1 – Working Hours: from 11:00 to 5:30. Fare: 50 Russian rubles.
- To the "Khimki" station
№62 – Fare: 30 Russian rubles.
Taxi: There are 6 taxi services at the airport (on the 1st floor of each terminal, in the arrival hall) - "Taxi-Sher" ("Такси-Шер"), "MersiTaksi" ("МерсиТакси"), "Transparking" ("Транспаркинг"), "AvtoSher"("АвтоШер"), "KEB-24", "AvtoTerm" ("АвтоТерм").
Number: +7 (964) 588-88-80.
Rent-A-Car: RentMotors, Europcar, Splash, AVIS, Hertz, Sixt. Rental spots are located in Terminal D (in the hall arrival).
"Vnukovo" International Airport (VKO)
Address: Moscow, Vnukovo.
Number: +7 (495) 937-55-55.
“Vnukovo” is a large airport, located in 28 kilometers from the city. There are more than 170 directions. It serves both domestic and international flights – to Europe, Africa and Asia. The airport has three terminals: A, B, and D. The airport offers numerous shops, cafes and restaurants, lounges, VIP-hall, luggage storage. There is a hotel complex adjacent to the airport. The hotel is located in a picturesque park area.
Transport from the airport
Aeroexpress: the route "from the airport to Kievsiy railway station." Fare: 470 Russian rubles. Working Hours: from 6:00 to 00:00.
- to "Rumyantsevo", "Troparevo", "Yugo-Zapadnaya" metro stations
№611 – Working Hours: from 5:00 to 1:00. Fare: 50 Russian rubles.
- To the "Salaryevo" metro station
№611c – Working Hours: from 7:00 to 23:00. Fare: 50 Russian rubles.
- To the "Ugo-Zapadnaya" metro station
№45m (minibus) - Working Hours: from 7:00 to 22:30. Fare: 150 Russian rubles.
Taxi: taxi service is located on the ground floor of Terminal A and B. Number: 8 (800) 555 02 60.
Rent-A-Car: RentMotors, Naprocat, Europcar, BLS, AVIS, Sixt and others.
Moscow’s Railway Stations
Number: 8 (800) 775-00-00.
Moscow is a center of rail links, which uniting together all Russian cities, as well as linking uniting Russia with a number of the CIS countries, Europe, China, Mongolia and North Korea. Each railway station works in a certain direction (north, south, west, east, etc.). There are nine railway stations in Moscow:
- Kazansky railway station, Komsomolskaya Square, 2. Metro: “Komsomolskaya” metro station.
- Leningrad railway station, Komsomolskaya Square, 3. Metro: “Komsomolskaya” metro station.
- Yaroslavskiy railway station, Komsomolskaya Square, 5. Metro: “Komsomolskaya” metro station.
- Kurskiy railway station, ul. Zemlyanoy Val, 29. Metro: “Kurskaya” metro station.
- Belorussky railway station, Tverskaya Zastava Square, 7. Metro: “Bellorusskaya” metro station.
- Kiyevsky railway station, ploschad' Kievskogo vokzala, 1. Metro: “Kievskaya” metro station.
- Paveletsky railway station, Paveletskaya pl., 1. Metro: “Paveletskaya” metro station.
- Rizhskiy railway station, Rizhskaya pl., 1. Metro: “Rizhskaya“ metro station.
- Savyolovskiy railway station, pl. Savelovskogo Vokzal, 2. Metro: “Savyolovskaya” metro station.
The capital of Russia is the heart of motor railways. Besides bus is the most popular mode of transport nowadays.
International Bus Station "South Gate" ("Южные Ворота")
Address: Raushskaya nab., 22/21.
Number: 8(499) 940-08-43, 8(800) 200-08-41.
Working Hours: from 8:00 to 00:30.
This bus station is quite new, it was opened in early 2015, but it has already gained popularity. It is located on the “South Gate" shopping center’s territory. It has routs not only to the cities of Russia, but also to CIS countries, such as Moldova, Belarus.
Transport to the bus station: from "Bratislava", "Domodedovskaya", "Marino", "Krasnogvardeyskaya", "Vykhino", "Alma-Atinskaya", "Tsaritsyno" metro stations there is a free bus.
Moscow Central Bus Terminal
Address: Shchelkovskoye shosse, 75.
Number: 8(499) 748-80-29.
Working Hours: 24-hour service.
It is a huge station, which has an extensive route net. It includes regularly intraregional and international routes. There are 54 Russian cities, 21 cities of the Moscow region, 15 cities of neighboring countries (Minsk, Chisinau, Tbilisi, Kharkov, Lugansk, Gomel and others) in its “route map”.
In addition to the main bus stations there are lots of conveniently located in all districts of Moscow small bus stations with commuter and inter-city routes. In addition, you can easily get to the Moscow airports from these bus stations. There are 12 bus stations in total:
- “Vykhino” bus station, ul. Khlobystova, 7. Number: +7(495) 371-98-60. Working Hours: from 6:00 to 23:00.
- “Tyoply Stan” bus station, Novoyasenevskiy pr., 4. Number: +7(495) 753-55-55. Working Hours: from 6:00 to 24:00.
- “VDNKh” bus station, pr-t. Mira, 119. Number: +7(499) 760-27-44. Working Hours: Monday – Friday from 10:00 to 18:00, Saturday and Sunday from 10:00 to 19:00.
- “Rechnoy Vokzal” bus station, Festivalnaya ul., 2А. Number: +7(495) 457-11-11. Working Hours: from 7:00 to 22:00.
- “Partizanskaya” bus station, Izmaylovskoye sh., 71 Number: +7(499) 166-58-79. Working Hours: from 7:00 to 22:40.
- “Yugo-Zapadnaya” bus station, Prospekt Vernadskovo, 86. Number: +7(495) 434-82-27. Working Hours: from 7:00 to 22:00.
- “Planernaya” bus station, Planernaya ul., 7. Number: +7(495) 662-44-50. Working Hours: Monday – Thursday from 09:00 to 18:00, Friday from 09:00 to 17:00.
- “Kuzminki” bus station, Zhigulevskaya ul., 7. Number: +7(495) 657-74-40. Working Hours: from 6:30 to 23:30.
- “Krasnogvardeyskaya” bus station, Orekhovyy b-r, 24к1. Number: +7(499) 940-08-43. Working Hours: from 6:00 to 23:00.
- “Tushinskaya” bus station, pr-d Stratonavtov, 9. Number: +7(499) 940-08-43. Working Hours: from 6:00 to 23:00.
- “Domodedovskaya” bus station, Orekhovyy b-r, 14G. Number: +7(965) 315-58-58. Working Hours: from 9:00 to 21:00.
- “Paveletskaya” bus station, Dubininskaya ul., 17/11. Number: +7(495) 507-78-88. Working Hours: from 8:00 to 23:00.
Moscow is called "The Port of Five Seas" because of the numerous canals of the Moscow River which are connected with many seas - Caspian, Black, Azov, the White Sea and the Baltic Sea.
Severnyy Rechnoy Vokzal
Address: Leningradskoye sh., 51.
Number: +7(495) 221-72-22.
Working Hour: from 9:00 to 20:00.
This station is located in a very beautiful landscape grounds - on the banks of the Khimki Reservoir. Here you can take the boat to St. Petersburg, Astrakhan, Kazan, Rostov-on-Don and other cities, as well as to the suburbs of Moscow.
South River Terminal
Address: Andropova Ave, 11, к. 2, “Kolomenskaya” metro station.
Number: +7(499) 618-08-11.
From this station you can get to Ryazan, Perm, Nizhny Novgorod, Ufa and other Russian cities.
There is a great selection of hotels, hostels in Moscow which many cities of the world can be jealous of. It can be luxury hotels with a gorgeous view to the historic center of Moscow, or more economical ones, which provide a comfortable stay and cater for people on a budget. The most popular hotels are 2 * and 3 *, where you can find the optimal combination of price and quality.
- "Art Space", Kolpachnyy per., 8/3.;
- “Safari” ("Сафари"), ul. Petrovka, 26/8;
- "Friday", Bolshoy Spasoglinishchevskiy per., 6;
- "Arizona Dream", Malaya Bronnaya ul., 24/4;
- "Skifmusic", 2-y Kozhevnicheskiy per., 10/11;
- "HM", Gogolevskiy bulvar, 33/1;
- "iVan", Petrovskiy per., 1/30.
The Budget Hotels:
- “Izmaylovo Alfa” ("Измайлово Альфа"), Izmaylovskoye sh., 71;
- “Ostankino” ("Останкино"), Botanicheskaya ul., 29;
- "Retro Moscow Hotel", ul. Pokrovka, 31/1;
- “Sayany” ("Саяны"), Yaroslavskoye sh., 116/2;
- “Andron” ("Андрон"), Syezzhinskiy per., 8;
- “Kuzminki” ("Кузьминки"), Volzhskiy b-r, 114А/9;
- “Asket-otel na Komsomolskoy” ("Аскет-отель на Комсомольской"), Novaya Basmannaya ul., 12/2;
- “Kristall” ("Кристалл"), Ukhtomskaya ul., 19;
- “Art Galaktika” ("Арт Галактика"), Sadovaya-Karetnaya ul., 20/3.
The premium-class hotels:
- "Radisson Royal", Kutuzovskiy pr., 2/1;
- “Lotte Moskva” ("Лотте Москва"), Novinskiy b-r, 8;
- “Marriott Moskva Royal Avrora” ("Марриотт Москва Ройал Аврора"), ul. Petrovka, 11;
- “Matropol’” ("Метрополь"), Teatralnyy pr-d, 2;
- “Balaguch Kempinski Moskva” ("Балчуг Кемпински Москва"), ul. Balchug, 1;
- "Intercontinental Moscow Tverskaya", Tverskaya ul., 22;
- “Natcional” ("Националь"), ul. Mokhovaya, 15/1;
- “Hilton Moskva Leningradskaya” ("Хилтон Москва Ленинградская"), Kalanchevskaya ul., 21/40;
- “Swissotel Krasniye Holmi” ("Swissotel Красные Холмы"), Kosmodamianskaya nab., 52/6.
You can find a large number of cafes and restaurants which serve all world cuisine: Russian national cuisine, Italian cuisine, Greek cuisine, Armenian cuisine, Chinese cuisine, Georgian cuisine, Japanese, Ukrainian, French and other cuisines. All restaurants have nice interiors, they can be in luxury, exotic, original style, combined with the good music which is reflected in the mood of places and create a unique holiday atmosphere, warmth and comfort. Of course, the price may be high – especially in the restaurants. But you can always find places where you can eat tasty inexpensive food.
Affordable restaurants and cafés:
- “Yolki-Palki” ("Ёлки-Палки"), ul. Novyy Arbat, 11/1; Komsomolskaya pl., 2; per. Stoleshnikov, 6/5 and other addresses;
- “Drova” ("Дрова"), Nikolskaya ulitsa, 5;
- “Grabli” ("Грабли"), Tverskaya ul. , 18/1; Teatralnyy pr-d, 5/1; Tsvetnoy b-r, 11/2;
- “Shesh-Besh” ("Шеш-Беш"), Pyatnitskaya ul. , 24; Tovarishcheskiy per, 1/1; Smolenskaya pl, 6;
- “Vilka I Lojka” ("Вилка-Ложка"), ul. Sretenka, 27/29; ulitsa Arbat, 1; ul. Izmaylovskiy Val, 2; ul. Rozhdestvenka, 6/9/20;
- “Mu-Mu” ("Му-Му"), ulitsa Arbat, 4/1; Manezhnaya pl.; Myasnitskaya ul., 14, etc.
Moscow’s popular restaurants:
- “Pushkin” ("Пушкинъ"), Tverskoy b-r ul., 26A;
- “Dr. Jivago” ("Dr. Живаго"), Mokhovaya, 15/1;
- "LavкаLavка", ul. Petrovka, 21/2;
- “El Gauchito” ("Эль Гаучито"), Povarskaya ul., 11/1;
- "Prado Cafe", Slavyanskaya pl., 2;
- “Pekinskaya Utka” ("Пекинская утка"), Tverskaya ul., 24/2;
- “Kuraj” ("Круаж"), ul. Prechistenka, 4;
- “Oblomov” ("Обломов"), 1-y Monetchikovskiy per, 5;
- "AQ Kitchen", Bolshaya Gruzinskaya ulitsa, 69;
- "Jamie's Italian", Okhotny Ryad, 2;
- "Black Thai", Bolshoy Putinkovskiy per, 5.
- "Delicatessen", Sadovaya-Karetnaya ul., 20/2;
- "Lumberjack Bar", Bolshoy Spasoglinishchevskiy per.;
- "Time Out Bar", Bolshaya Sadovaya ul., 5;
- "City Space", Kosmodamianskaya nab, 52/6;
- "Noor", Tverskaya ul., 23;
- "Духless Bar", Tverskaya ul., 12;
- "Chainaya", 1-ya Tverskaya-Yamskaya ul., 29/1.
Moscow’s Transport Net is one of the most upgraded nets in the world. There are lots of signs, plaques, indicators, maps, information desks for residents and tourists help. All these are done for the people’s comfort.
The Transport Cards
If you want to move around the city more profitable, we recommend you to buy a special card:
- “Troyka” ("Тройка");
- “Ediniy bilet” ("Единый билет");
- “90 minut” ("90 минут").
They can be purchased at kiosks which are close to public transport stops as well as at the box office - at the subway’s entrance.
Metro is the most popular form of transport in Moscow due to its high-speed. Moreover, you can use metro and don’t be afraid to be late because of traffic-jams. It works from 5:30 to 1:30. Intervals are 1.5-2 minutes. The Moscow’s metro consists of 12 lines with 196 stations. Fare: 1 trip - 50 Russian rubles.
The Moscow’s Metro is more than just a mean of transport; it is one of the most interesting attractions of the city. If you are on the stations, pay attention to the walls and ceilings - they are very beautifully patterned with mosaics.
The second mean of transport after the metro is bus. Moscow citizens often use buses to get to the subway, or to get to home from subway. It is convenient and fast. In other words, if you want to get to the distant place from the metro, you can always get there on a bus. Working Hours: from 5:30 to 1:00. Fare: 50 Russian rubles. Entrance - through the front bus’s door (through the turnstile-validator).
Minibus is another increasingly popular form of transportation - due to its small size (very convenient in traffic-jams) in comparison with a big bus. And also because of its intervals of movement, as well as the possibility to enter the bus or to get off the bus if you ask for. Average fare: from 35 to 50 Russian rubles.
Trolley buses and trams
In addition to buses, trolley buses and trams are such a convenient mode of transport. Fare: 50 Russian rubles. The entrance through the front door (there is an access system). Working Hours: from 5:30 am to 1:00.
Taxi is the most comfortable form of transport. There are lots of taxi cabs near the metro stations, so you can even not order a car, just take it. Of course, the other ways to take a taxi are still available. There are lots of companies providing taxi services, today there are about 60 thousand taxi services in Moscow. The best of them: Most popular - "Uber", "GetTaxi" and "Yandeks.Taksi" ("Яндекс.Такси").
The average fare - about 500 Russian rubles.
The water transport is used mainly for tourism purposes. The sailing through the Moscow River is one of the most exciting, interesting attractions in the city. The duration of such sailing can be from 30 minutes to 3 hours (depending on the route). There can be organized excursions on the board, you also can order food and drinks. Average price: 500 Russian rubles. Working hours: from 10:00 to 22:00. Departure - every 15-20 minutes.
The main piers:
- Kievskiy vokzal (Киевский вокзал)/Berejkovskaya nab. (Бepeжкoвcкaя нaбepeжнaя);
- Novospasskiy most (Hoвocпaccкий мocт)/ Krasnoholmskaya nab. (Kpacнoxoлмcкaя нaбepeжнaя);
- Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure (ЦПKиO имeни Гopькoгo)/ Pushkinskaya nab. (Пушкинская набережная).
A car is good way to be free from public transport and to find a special way to get somewhere. Although you should not forget about the constant traffic jams, but that's another story. It’s good to use a rented car, if you have plan a trip across the Moscow region. There is a huge selection of car rental companies (in total there are about 780 companies), so you can be sure that you will choose a perfect car.
- “AvtoRenta” ("АвтоРента"), +7(495) 36-37-444;
- "RentMotors", +7(495) 921-38-38;
- "AVIS Russia", +7(495) 988-62-16;
- "FreeWay", +7(495) 673-33-58;
- "Car-for-Rent", +7(495) 925-000-2;
- "AmegaCar", 8(800) 500-32-32;
- "TIScar", +7(495) 215-01-87.
Moscow is a treasure trove of attractions that are not only cultural and historical, they all are also of public importance. Russia is associated with the Kremlin and Red Square by many tourists of different parts of the world.
The guests of the capital of the country can enjoy the magnificent architecture of the central part of the city with many historical monuments. They can visit the beautiful parks and gardens and other interesting places that can give unforgettable emotions.
Red Square (Krasnaya Ploshchad)
Red Square is the Beauty of Russia, a major historically and politically significant object of our country. There are the most famous monuments of the city on its territory:
Moscow Kremlin (Moskovsky Kreml)
Moscow Kremlin is a Russian symbol. Kremlin’s ensemble includes architectural monuments dating XIV-XX centuries. Today, the Kremlin is a state museum. The Armory, the Annunciation Cathedral, The Cathedral of the Archangel, The Cathedral of the Dormition, the famous bell tower of Ivan the Great, the Museum of Applied Arts are located on its territory.
St. Basil's Cathedral
It is an architectural masterpiece, one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. It was built in 1561 by Ivan the Terrible order to the memory of the victory over Kazan Khanate. It has a second name - Pokrovsky Cathedral.
The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky
The sculpture was created in honor of the two national heroes who led the militia and defended Russia in 1612 in the Russian-Polish war. The author of the monumet is Ivan Martos.
The Tsar Bell (the Tsarsky Kolokol)
The Tsar Bell also known as the Tsarsky Kolokol, Tsar Kolokol III, or Royal Bell is a beautiful example of Russian foundry art. Bell was made on the Cannon yard by father and son Motorins.
The Tsar Cannon
The Tsar Cannon is the outstanding monument of Russian artillery and foundry. It is made of bronze by famous master Andrey Chokhov.
Lenin's Mausoleum (Lenin's Tomb)
Lenin's Tomb is one of the most famous sights in the city as well as in the whole country. There is the mummified body of Lenin.
The Moscow’s Historical Museum
It is a stunningly beautiful building, resembling a fantastic tower. Moreover, it’s the largest museum of the country, which homes about 4.5 million exhibits. It tells us about the history of the Russian state.
The Arbat (Arbat Street)
The Arbat is the most touristic street in Moscow. There you can find numerous restaurants and shops with a large souvenirs selection. Also it’s a popular venue for flash-mobs, exhibitions and other cultural events.
Since the XV century it was the central trading place for an indoor market where merchants lived and sold their wares. It was built under the guidance of a wealthy merchant Averky Kirillov.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is the main Orthodox church in the country. It was built to thank God and Russian people, who courageously fought against Napoleon's army in the 1812 war.
Ostankino TV Tower
This tower is one of the most popular city’s attractions. In addition, it is one of the tallest buildings in the world because of its length (540 meters). There is an observatory point, which offers the excellent view of Moscow.
Poklonnaya hill (Poklonnaya Gora)
It is the place with many historical monuments:
- The memorial complex in honor of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War (the main avenue, the obelisk of Victory, St. George temple, a chapel, a monument to the defenders of the Russian land, etc.);
- Arc de Triomphe - in honor of the victory of Russian in 1812 war.
Alexander Gardens is the famous garden, located adjacent to the Kremlin. It was founded after the War of 1812 at the Emperor Alexander II’s order. There is an eternal flame. The special honor guard on duty near it every day. By the way, the guard change is a favorite tourists’ phenomenon.
Tsaritsyno Park is incredibly beautiful, picturesque palace. It was built in 1776 due to Empress Catherine II’s order. It’s located on in the south part of the city. There is a museum nowadays.
Novodevichy Convent (Bogoroditse-Smolensky Monastery)
Bogoroditse-Smolensky Monastery is located in Khamovniki. The date of construction is 1524. There is a museum in the monastery building. You can find here a rich collection of ancient Russian art, jewelry with precious stones, old books, documents and more.
Kolomenskoye is ex summer residence of the Russian tsars. Today it is a museum and a reserve. There are the Temple in Honor of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, Church of the Ascension, The Vodovzvodnaya Tower, Church of St. George, and other buildings on the territory of the royal palace.
This garden has a unique beauty and a special high energy. It was founded in 1756 by Procopius Demidov. The citizens love the garden since the beginning of its history. Here you can see the most beautiful palaces, lovely arched bridges, the domed pavilion and more other things. The park is included in the territory of Gorky Central Park of
The Museum and Estate "Arkhangelskoe"
"Arkhangelskoe" is a beautiful landmark. It’s foundation date is XVIII century. Moreover, it’s the world famous palace and park ensemble. The estate belonged to noble birth families – Sheremetev, Golitsyn, and Yusupov. Yusupov started the priceless collection of art things which now you can see in the museum.
Ensemble Kuskovo, originally owned by the Sheremetev family. It was their summer residence. Today it is a monument of architecture and art. Nowadays it is a museum which homes more than 50 thousand different items.
The royal estate was founded in the XVII century on the order of Alexei Mikhailovich. Today it is a museum complex, which consists of: The Bridge Tower, St. Basil's Cathedral, the Front and Rear gates. Peter I spent his teenage years here that.
The Museum and Estate "Ostankino"
It was an outskirt residence of Sheremetev. “Ostankino” was built in 1584. The “pearl” of the estate is Sheremetyevsky Palace with its Pleasure Garden. The architectural ensemble includes: the temple of the Holy Trinity, the front yard, the palace itself and the park.
- Bolshoi Theatre;
- Moskovskiy Khudozhestvennyy Akademicheskiy Teatr im. m. Gorkogo (MKhAT) ;
- Moscow Taganka Theater;
- Theater Vakhtangov;
- Teatr Klassicheskogo Baleta;
- Maly Theatre;
- Stanislavski and Nemirovich-Danchenko Moscow Academic Music Theatre;
- Moscow Art Theatre;
- Koshkin Dom theatre (Театр "Кошкин дом");
- Sovremennik Theatre;
- Gosudarstvennyy Akademicheskiy Teatr Im Mossoveta;
- Tsentr Opernogo Peniya Pod ruk. Galiny Vishnevskoy GUK;
- Tabakov Theater Studio.
There are more than 150 theatres in Moscow.
- The State Tretyakov Gallery;
- Armoury Chamber;
- Diamond fund;
- Museum Modern Art;
- Bunker-42 na Taganke (Бункер-42 на Таганке) ;
- State Biological Museum;
- The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts;
- State Historical Museum;
- State Darwin Museum.
There are more than 400 museums in Moscow.
You can be sure that in Moscow you will do great shopping! The city distinguished by its numerous fantastic shops, boutiques, shopping malls and galleries. It’s like a fairy tale for shopaholics.
Moscow’s stores can be divided into three categories: luxury expensive boutiques, mass-market shops for the ordinary people, and discount centers (outlets), where you can purchase branded at great discount prices.
Popular shopping malls: GUM (ГУМ), “Okhotny Ryad” ("Охотный ряд"), “Gostiniy Dvor” ("Гостиный двор"), TSUM (ЦУМ), “Evropeyskiy” "Европейский", Metropolis "Метрополис", Atrium "Атриум", Neglinnaya Plaza"Неглинная Плаза", Petrovskiy Passaje "Петровский пассаж", Lotte Plaza "Лотте Плаза", Eliseevskiy Magazine "Елисеевский магазин".
Big shopping centers: “Aviapark” ("Авиапарк"), “MeGa Belaya Dacha” ("Мега Белая Дача"), “MeGA Tepliy Stan” ("МеГа Тёплый Стан"), “MeGa Khimki” ("МеГа Химки"), “Zolotoy Vavilon” ("Золотой Вавилон"), “Vegas” (ТРК “Вегас"), “EvroPark” ("ЕвроПарк"), “Kaleydoskop” ("Калейдоскоп"), “Global city” ("Глобал Сити"), “Megapolis” ("Мегаполис"), “RIO” ("РИО"), “Pyataya avenue” ("Пятая авеню"), “Gorbushkin Dvor” ("Горбушкин Двор").
In Moscow you will find lots of souvenirs such as:
- The small dolls matrioshkas are the most "Russian" gift. There are the sets of three, four, seven, ten, fifteen and more dolls;
- Samovar, wooden boxes, fur cap (ushanka), sandals made of birch bark (lapti) are the traditional souvenirs;
- Souvenir cups, spoons, plates with images of the city's attractions;
- Postcards, key chains, magnets with the symbols of Moscow;
- Handicrafts - Gzhel, Orenburg shawls and Pavloposadskiye shawls, khokhloma toys, Vologda lace and more;
- Books, brochures, gifts - with information about Moscow;
- Sweets -"Red October" candies, "Rot Front" confectionary, chocolate "Alenka", the famous cake "Bird's milk" (Ptichye Moloko);
- Stylish souvenirs by "Heart of Moscow" and "Mosazbuka";
- Antique, vintage things at the fair "Izmailovo Vernissage".
Get rid of a car. Firstly, frequent traffic jams will not let you go away, and secondly, walking through the streets of the city is really amazing. Fascinating sights will help you to "plunge" into the atmosphere of Moscow.
Take a walk on the Sparrow Hills (the Sparrow Hills). You will be fascinated by the picturesque view of the city. Moreover, it's free.
Be careful! Moscow is a very big city, there can be scams, so leave the valuable things at your place.
Visit Moscow’s parks: Catherine’s, Izmailovo, Losiniy Ostrov, Kuzminki, Gorky Park, VDNh, Chistye Prudy, Sokolniki, Fili.
Buildings with odd numbers are on the left side of the street and the buildings with even numbers are on the right side.
Give a tip: waiter service - 10% of the price, porter service for the luggage delivery - from 2$ to 3 $, the concierge (for the restaurant ordering) - from 10$ to 15$.
Immediately purchase a single transport card, which is valid on all public transport. That will save a huge amount of money.
You definitely must buy the "Moscow Pass" card. It is your guide to the main attractions of the city. With its help you will get discounts on tours, free entrance to museums, the double-decker bus tour, a cruise on the Moscow River, and more.
If you are a night lover, Moscow is the perfect place for you. There are the best country’s night clubs and bars: "Shishas Sferum Bar", "Space Moscow", "Icon", "Soho Rooms" and others.
Enjoy your holiday and have a good mood!
The Moscow Kremlin may be called the Russian capital's main attraction. These red-brick walls and towers are easily recognizable and significant not only for Moscow, but also for the whole Russia.
During the Soviet Era, almost every USSR’s city had a special shopping mall, which was called GUM ("State’s Department Store"). Nowadays, in Moscow there is a store with the same name, although it doesn’t belong to the government anymore.